Ground-based Documents & Resources

Find the documents you need for your ground mount installation below in addition to some Frequently Asked Questions. If you're unable to find what you're looking for please contact us right away, and we'd be more than happy to help.




Cut Sheets

Third Party Products


Ground Mount
When should I use 3" versus 2" Schedule 40 steel pipe for my sub-structural material?

2" Schedule 40 steel pipe is generally used for smaller arrays, such as residential applications, because it’s lightweight and easy to handle. 3" Schedule 40 steel pipe is most useful for larger arrays, where the longer E-W span helps reduce the number of concrete foundations. But, 3" Schedule 40 steel pipe is also heavier and sometimes requires heavy machinery for installation. Before purchasing your pipes, confirm the specifications with the Product Catalog.

My soil is very rocky. Do you have any foundation designs aside from concrete footings?

IronRidge provides standard foundation sizes for various soil classes. However, some soils may be extremely difficult to dig into, such as granite or rocky soils. Solutions for these soil types include epoxying rebar into the granite and pouring the foundations above the ground, connecting the piers with low depth grade beams, or casting the piers into above ground ballast blocks. Consult an engineer for structural review if using a foundation design other than those described in the IronRidge Certification Letters.

What determines my North to South pier spacing?

North to South pier dimensions are static measurements in our Ground Mount design that are either 7.5' or 9', depending on the number of modules per column. Refer to the assembly drawing found at the bottom of the IronRidge Certification Letter for dimension details. The certification letters can be found in the Documents & Resources section under the Ground-based tab on the IronRidge website.

What design constraints should I be aware of when building an array on an East to West slope?

The maximum "above ground length" for the southern vertical piers is 2'6". To prevent exceeding this length on either side of the array, break the array into segments. This "stepped" array will prevent the East or West side of the array from being too high. If this is not a viable option, consult an engineer for alternative approaches.

How do I suspend my vertical piers while I pour concrete?

Many installers create a temporary set of "forms" to suspend the East to West cross pipes, with the vertical pipes already attached to them. This approach allows you to assemble and level your sub-structure at the appropriate height, then pour all of the concrete at once. Always refer to the Ground Mount Installation Manual prior to assembly.

How do I calculate row spacing to avoid shading?

This question depends on what is considered an acceptable amount of annual "shade loss" (system output lost to inter-row shading). If your goal is zero shade loss, visit the first the NOAA Solar Calculator ( to find the minimum solar altitude angle (El) on December 21st at 10 A.M., by inputting the coordinates of the project area. Use the following formula to find distance (D) between arrays to avoid shading: D’=h/tan(El). Height (h), is the difference between the rear edge of the first array and leading edge of the second array.


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